Since the Discovery of the rich and complex existence of the Microbiome (presently human focused study) it has become clear to us, that understanding these mini and customed ecosystems ( composed of 100 trillion organisms, just for a typical human) is crucial to understanding the environment in which we live and all the fundamentals that our lives are inextricably linked to, including the healthy generation of food, something we lack a complete understanding of, but which microbiome studies are likely to get to the root of.
With the existence of trillions of microorganisms coexisting within each significant biological entity like humans we can expect that those life bearing systems which nourish us will reveal more subtle and sensitive processes that regulate a healthy environment, which will allow us to adjust our efforts resulting in fewer inconsistencies, contradictions, and outright failings like genetically modifying a food to resist a pest...then being surprised when the pests adapt, rendering the modification pointless.
We are seeking to increase the stability and security of these sources for maintaining our living spaces and essential sources of quality of life that we take for granted far too often and with almost callous indifference, even though we need them and relish when these systems are functioning at peak capacity.
It is farming that ultimately made human civilization possible, and lack of understanding in how we manage it as human population vastly increases, could be what brings it to an untimely end.
Not just conventional Agriculture, but also Aquaculture, Aeroculture, and Hydroponics....which will increasingly be used as alternatives to GMO's, and the institution of for-profit monoculture ( just coffee beans ; just potatoes ; just corn ) which are all detriments to the natural environment.